Товары детской гигиены
2,4-Dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP or simply DNP) is a natural compound with the formula HOC6H3(NO2)2. It is a yellow, crystalline strong that has a sweet, musty odor. It sublimes, is unforeseeable with steam, and is soluble in a lot of natural solvents in addition to liquid alkaline services. When in a dry type, it is a high explosive and has an instant surge risk. It is a precursor to other chemicals and is biochemically active, preventing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production in cells with mitochondria.
Commercially, DNP is utilized as an antibacterial and as a non-selective bioaccumulating pesticide.
DNP is especially helpful as a herbicide together with other carefully related dinitrophenol herbicides like 2,4-dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC), dinoseb and dinoterb. Considered that 1998 DNP was withdrawn from farming usage. Currently, there are no actively registered pesticides consisting of DNP in United States or Europe.
It is a chemical intermediate in the production of sulfur dyes, wood preservatives and picric acid. DNP has similarly been utilized to make photographic developers and explosives. DNP is classified as a dynamite in the UK and USA.
In living cells, DNP functions as a proton ionophore, an agent that can shuttle protons (hydrogen cations) throughout biological membranes. It dissipates the proton gradient across mitochondria and chloroplast membranes, collapsing the proton motive force that the cell uses to produce the majority of its ATP chemical energy. Instead of producing ATP, the energy of the proton gradient is lost as heat.
DNP acts as a protonophore, allowing protons to leakage throughout the inner mitochondrial membrane and hence bypass ATP synthase. This makes ATP energy production less efficient. In effect, part of the energy that is generally produced from cellular respiration is lost as heat. The ineffectiveness is proportional to the dosage of DNP that is taken. As the dosage increases and energy production is made more ineffective, metabolic rate increases (and more fat is burned) in order to make up for the inadequacy and to satisfy energy needs. DNP is probably the very best understood representative for uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. The "phosphorylation" of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) by ATP synthase gets detached or "uncoupled" from oxidation.
"Dinitrophenol uncouples oxidative phosphorylation, triggers release of calcium from mitochondrial shops and avoids calcium re-uptake. This triggers free intracellular calcium and sets off muscle contraction and hyperthermia. Dantrolene prevents calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum which lessens intracellular calcium. The resulting muscle relaxation allows heat dissipation. There is little danger to dantrolene administration. Due to the fact that dantrolene may operate in reducing hyperthermia induced by agents that inhibit oxidative phosphorylation, early administration might enhance outcome.
DNP was commonly made use of in explosive mixtures around the world. Shellite in the UK, Tridite in the US, Tridita in Spain, MDPC/DD in France, MABT/MBT in Italy, and DNP in the USSR.
Nowadays, DNP is provided primarily online under a variety of various names such as 'DNP', 'Dinosan', 'Dnoc', 'Solfo Black', 'Nitrophen', 'Aldifen' and 'Chemox'. The chemical is a yellow crystalline powder that has a sweet, moldy odor and is soluble in water. The dose of DNP per tablet differs from site to website however it is most frequently offered as either 100- or 200-mg tablets. Some internet websites have DNP available wholesale quantities, allowing users to purchase kgs of DNP powder or hundreds/thousands of DNP-containing tablets.
DNP has really been provided for over a century, at first in the manufacture of munitions, due to its explosive domestic or commercial residential or commercial properties. From the 1930s onwards, there has in fact been interest in its homes to increase the underlying metabolic rate, leading to an associated weight-loss. It appears that there has really been increasing interest and schedule of DNP-containing products on the internet.https://www.buydnponline.cc